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Previous research finds that…

  • There is an association between the use of spanking and the risk of physical abuse.
  • Corporal punishment and physical abuse are both affiliated with similar, negative child outcomes.
  • Controlled corporal punishment (defined as spanking or smacking) is only weakly associated with negative outcomes for children, but harsh corporal punishment is strongly associated with poor behavioural and emotional outcomes.
  • Being physically punished as a child is linked with being more supportive of using corporal punishment as an adult.

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